In a homeland security project, the California Department of Transportation is using multiple wireless systems to transmit surveillance data from seven bridges and three tunnels in the San Francisco Bay area to a command center in Oakland. The department, known as Caltrans, has completed the first phase of the $20 million Bay Area Surveillance Enhancement project. BASE includes installation of up to 15 point-to-point wireless links spanning distances of as much as 16 miles each and transmitting data at 90M bit/sec., according to IT industry executives involved in the project. The wireless technology is being tied to 250 video cameras that will use video-over-IP technology to transmit images to the command center.
Caltrans activated the BASE system at two bridges and a tunnel in the South Bay area last month and plans to turn on the rest of the technology in February. Some details of the project are due to be announced this week by Sunnyvale, Calif.-based Proxim Corp., which is supplying all of the wireless equipment. Greg Bayol, a spokesman for Caltrans, said the BASE system was designed to help the agency and the California Highway Patrol monitor bridges and tunnels for potential security problems. The cameras are being deployed to "watch for anyone who should not be there," Bayol said. He added that Caltrans chose wireless links instead of fiber-optic cable because of cost issues and the vast distances that the network needs to span in order to reach all the bridges and tunnels [...]
Multiple levels of wireless security protections are being installed in an attempt to ensure that the BASE technology can't be penetrated by unauthorized users, he noted. The protections include the use of Triple Data Encryption Standard algorithms on the signals sent by the video cameras, as well as virtual LANs and the IPsec protocol to provide additional encryption and user authentication capabilities.
In addition, Williams said the Proxim-based wireless subscriber units that are being attached to the video cameras have built-in Global Positioning System receivers. The receivers broadcast the geographic coordinates of each wireless unit to Proxim-built base stations at the bridges. If a subscriber unit is moved, the base station won't accept signals from the new coordinates, he said.
Video camera images are transmitted via wireless links to the point-to-multipoint base stations, which in most cases are connected by Ethernet to point-to-point wireless transmitters that are also made by Proxim [...]
(Written by Bob Brewin and published in the 16 December 2002 issue of Computer World.)
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